Skip to content


May 10, 2011


Microteaching is a unique model of practice teaching. It is a viable instrument for the desired change in the teaching behavior or the behavior potential, which, in specified types of real classroom situations, tends to facilitate the achievement of specified types of objectives. The pupil-teachers trained using the microteaching instrument are expected to have a greater range of technical teaching skills to choose from for overcoming day to day classroom teaching problems.

According to G.A. Brown (1978), microteaching may be described as a scaled down teaching situation in which a teacher teaches a brief lesson to small group of pupils or fellow trainees. The lesson may last from three or four minutes to twenty minutes. In most cases about10 minutes is preferred. The small group may consist of three or four pupils or peers, or up to fifteen pupils or peers.

The lessons are usually video recorded and then viewed, discussed and analyzed by the student teacher, his supervisor and perhaps, his fellow students. The student teacher may then be given an opportunity to teach another lesson to different group of pupils and view, discuss and analyze this lesson. In in-service courses it is customary to use peer group microteaching in which each member of the group teaches the other members. After video recording the set of teaching episodes they are analyzed and discussed by the group who should, preferably, use checklists and other observation instruments to analyze the process and structure of the teaching episode.

Definition of Micro teaching

 There are no fixed definition of micro teaching has yet been given. The micro teaching approach facilitates the shaping of a teacher who is insensitive to his teaching behavior.

According to Allen and Ryan, microteaching is an idea with five essential propositions. Microteaching is a real teaching. Firstly, microteaching lessens the complexities of normal classroom teaching so that class size, scope of content and time are all reduced. Secondly, focuses on training for accomplishment of specific tasks such as practice of instructional skills, demonstration of teaching method, practice of techniques of teaching, and others. Thirdly,

Microteaching allows for the increased control of practice. The rituals of time, students, supervision, and many other factors can be manipulated and greatly expands the feedback dimensions in teaching. Immediately after teaching a brief micro-lesson, the trainee engages in critique of his classroom performance.

“A system of controlled practice that makes it possible to concentrate on specific teaching

 behavior and to practice teaching under controlled condition”.  – Allen and Eve (1968).

  Characteristics of Micro-teaching 

  1. Micro element :  Micro-teaching reduces the complexity of the teaching situation in terms of.

    1. Number of students to be taught.

    2. Duration of lesson.

    3. Subject matter to be taught to enable the trainee to concentrate on a particular teaching skill at a time.  One should master the components of the task of teaching before he attempts to perform effectively the complicated task of teaching at macro-level.

    4. The number of instructional objectives and the content is kept low

    5. It reduces the teaching skill and size of the topic, it is focused on micro events.

    6. It is highly individualized training device to prepare effective teachers and provides feedback for trainees’ performances.

    7. Micro analysis of the teaching process consist of analyzing the minute details of teaching.

  2. Teaching skills and teaching strategies :

a.    Pre-instructional skills.

  • These include writing of instructional objectives.

  • Sequencing and organizing knowledge to be presented in order to achieve specific objectives.

  • Appropriate content.

  • Proper organization.

  • Selection of proper audio-visual aids.

b.      Instructional skills :

  • Skills of introducing a lesson.

  • Skills of explaining and illustrating.

  • Reinforcement

  • Probing questions.

  • Reinforcing pupil participation.

  • Probing questions.

  • Reinforcing pupil participation.

  • Diagnosing pupils’ difficulties

c. Post-instructional skills :

  • Skills of writing test items

  • Interpreting pupil’s performance in a test.

  • Planning remedial measures.

d. Feedback

  1. Safe Practice ground

  2. The Teaching Models

Basic Principles of micro-teaching

  1. Enforcement.

  2. Practice and drill.

  3. Continuity.

  4. Microscopic supervision.

Phases of Micro-Teaching

  1. Knowledge Acquisition Phase.

  2. Skill Acquisition Phase.

  3. Transfer Phase.

Steps of Micro-Teaching

  1. Defining a Specific skill

  2. Demonstration of the skill

  3. Micro-Lesson Plans

  4. Teaching a small group

  5. Feedback

  6. Re-planning, Re-teaching and Re-evaluation

Five ‘R’s of Micro-Teaching

  • Recording

  • Reviewing

  • Responding

  • Refining

  • Re-doing

Merits of Micro-Teaching

  • Helps student teachers to acquire hard-to-attain teaching skills by providing a real situation for practicing skills.

  • Since micro-teaching focuses on a particular skill at a time, student teachers can attain proficiency in teaching skills in a phased manner.

  • Provision of immediate feedback makes micro-teaching more interesting and reliable.

  • Since main role is played by the student teacher, it is regarded as a student centered method.

Demerits of Micro-Teaching

  • Time consuming

  • Produces homogenized standard robots with set smiles and procedures

  • It is said to be (wrongly) a form of play acting in unnatural surroundings and it is feared that the acquired skills may not be internalized.

No comments yet

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )


Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: